The International Berkeley Society
BERKELEY LINKSThese are links to external pages that have relevance to study of George Berkeley and his works. If you have any additions, corrections, or suggestions for this list, they would be received gratefully by the webmaster, whose e-mail address is given below. The inclusion of a web site in this list does not express any judgement of the site's merits or importance, but merely reflects the fact that it happens to be online on the internet, and has some substance. (There are a number of very brief web pages on the internet that have just a few paragraphs on Berkeley. These have not been included here, although Peter Lloyd has a list that is more inclusive.) See also the Web Rings page.
1. INTRODUCTIONSThese are sites that provide an introduction to Berkeley and his writings for people who are not already familiar with him.
1.1 Internet Encyclopaedia of Philosophywww.utm.edu/research/iep/b/berkeley.htm
James Fieser is general editor for The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, which gives quality coverage of a wide range of philosophers and philosophical topics. As one small part of this huge undertaking, he has prepared a general article on Berkeley and his works, together with online texts of both the "Treatise" and the "Dialogues", both prepared in 1996. [At the time of writing this entry, the biography page of the main article links only to the online text of the "Treatise", not the "Dialogues", which Fieser describes as a 'working draft'.]
The article (dated 1997) provides a comprehensive overview of Berkeley's life and philosophy. Unlike many other introductions to Berkeley, it includes a discussion of, and quotes from, Berkeley's later speculations in "Siris", in which Berkeley expands upon the distinction between 'ideas' and 'notions'. This distinction first appeared in the Treatise in order to account for our concept of the self, and it provides a starting-point for the later development of Berkeley's thought in neoplatonic directions.
1.2 Kemerling's Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Namespeople.delphi.com/gkemerling/dy/index.htm
Garth Kemerling is building up an extensive dictionary of short, descriptive entries on both terms and names of people in all fields of philosophy. Those entries in his dictionary that may be of interest to Berkeley students include the following: George Berkeley and idealism, and for contrast Nicolas Malebranche and occasionalism, as well as phenomenalism, and a short entry on Arthur Schopenhauer, who was an important early admirer of Berkeley. The entry on Berkeley and his philosophy is quite brief, however, and is unsympathetic to Berkeley's later move toward neoplatonism. (Kemerling refers to "the interminable Siris (1744), a lengthy disquisition on the presumed benefits to health of 'tar-water'".)
1.3 Eliasmith's Dictionary of Philosophy of Mindwww.artsci.wustl.edu/~philos/MindDict
Chris Eliasmith is the editor of this structured dictionary, sponsored by the Philosophy - Neuroscience - Psychology Program at Washington University in St. Louis. There is no entry for Berkeley himself, but several entries on Berkeleian themes. Entries are of various length.
1.4 Trinity College, Dublinwww.maths.tcd.ie/pub/HistMath/People/Berkeley/
This is a site at Berkeley's alma mater,and leads the reader through Berkeley's contributions to mathematics, especially the conroversy over 'fluxions', which later evolved into the differential calculus. It has been set up by David Wilkins, lecturer in mathematics in the School of Mathematics, Trinity College, Dublin. Although there is inevitably an emphasis on Berkeley's contribution to mathematics, but it also has a lot of useful general material on Berkeley.
1.5 Encyclopaedia Britannicawww.britannica.com/bcom/eb/article/6/0,5716,80906+1,00.html
2. PAPERSThese included both are scholarly papers reporting research on Berkeley, as well as other items that express particular points of view about Berkeley and his work. They do not include general introductions, which have been listed above. Nor do they include lecture notes for courses in philosophy, which are listed below. They are ordered chronologically, with the most recent first.
2.1 Berkeley and Liber Mundiwww.ul.ie/~philos/vol3/liber.html
By Costica Bradatan, published in Volume 3 (November 1999) issue of Minerva (an internet journal of philosophy edited by Dr Stephen Thornton at the University of Limerick, Ireland). Abstract:
The paradoxical (and also ambitious) aim of this paper consists in attempting to point out the vigorous presence of such a specifically 'mediaeval' topic as liber mundi in the works of such a conventionally 'modern' philosopher as George Berkeley (1685-1753). The solution of this 'paradox' lies, as I shall try to show, in considering Berkeley as a kind of liminal philosopher between the mediaeval and the modern, as a surprising intellectual bridge between these two worlds, or even as a mediaeval latecomer on the stage of modernity. Methodologically, in doing it I have preferred that my historical approach to liber mundi be retrospectively pre-determined and confined only to some of its aspects by the particular way in which this topic appears in Berkeley; so that many other important cultural implications of liber mundi have only been mentioned in footnotes. As a matter of fact, my paper consists of two parts: 1) a brief history of the development of the liber mundi topic (St. Paul to modern times); and 2) a 'case study': the presence of the topic in Berkeley's philosophy itself.Costica Bradatan, M.A., teaches Philosophy (mainly philosophy of religion and history of European philosophy) at the University of Bucharest, Romania.
2.2 Berkeley's Metaphysics and the Paranormal
3. HISTORYThese are sites that are chiefly of relevance to the historical study of Berkeley, and his life and times.
3.1 Redwood Library & AthenŠum, Rhode Islandwww.redwood1747.org/berk_soc.htm
This is a short site set up by the museum in Rhode Island where Berkeley lived for a while. The museum is situated in the so-called White House which Berkeley built while he was waiting to set up his proposed college in Bermuda. While there, he created a library and encouraged a philosophical discussion group. This web site also contains details of the International Berkeley Society, which held a conference in Rhode Island in 1999.
(The Library is shown on the right. Click on this picture for enlargement. Photo by P.B. Lloyd.)
3.2 University of Notre Dame, Indianawww.nd.edu
The University of Notre Dame, in Indiana in the USA, houses the 240 volumes contained in the library of Arthur Aston Luce, the man who compiled the standard edition of the complete works of George Berkeley. A.A. Luce also wrote an authoritative biography of Berkeley. The University has a large web site, but fortunately has a good search engine. Among the pages at this web site you will find:
3.3 MacMaster University, Canadawww.socsci.mcmaster.ca/~econ/ugcm/3ll3/berkeley/
This site has a useful bibliography of publications of Berkeley's writings. This was compiled by Rod Hay as part of the McMaster University Archive for the History of Economic Thought, which is described thus: "The History of Thought Archive represents an attempt to gather all material for the study of the history of economics at one site. This includes both primary texts, studies of those texts and of their authors." The site also has a copy of "The Querist". [There is a copy of the bibliography and "The Querist" files in the Bristol Resources for the History of Economics, at the University of Bristol, in England, at: www.ecn.bris.ac.uk/het/berkeley/index.htm.]
4. ONLINE PRIMARY TEXTSSome of Berkeley's writings are available on the internet. There are several online copies of the "Treatise" but a dearth of the 'grey' literature, such as his notebooks and correspondence, and the recondite material in "Siris". The online material is, of course, derived from the printed material, so a brief explanatory note on the editions of Berkeley's works is in order
4.0 Editions of BerkeleyIn printed form, biographers of Berkeley and compilers of Berkeley's writings include the following:
4.1 A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge, Part I (1710)Subtitled: Wherein the chief causes of error and difficulty in the sciences, with the grounds of scepticism, atheism, and irreligion, are inquir'd into.
Published: J. Pepyat, Dublin (1710), revised and published with Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous by J. Tonson, London (1734).
Berkeley lost the manuscript for Part II of the Treatise whilst travelling in Europe, so only Part I was ever published. We can, however, get some idea of what Part II would have covered, from his notebooks, which contain many entries on God and spirits which never made their way into Part I. The online texts of the Treatise listed below all seem to be taken from Sampson's edition of 1897/8.
4.2 Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous (1713)Subtitled: The design of which is plainly to demonstrate the reality and perfection of humane knowledge, the incorporeal nature of the soul, and the immediate providence of a deity; in opposition to sceptics and atheists. Also, to open a method for rendering the sciences more easy, useful, and compendious.
Published: Henry Clements, London (1713), revised and published with the Treatise in 2 volumes by J. Tonson, London (1734).
4.3 The Analyst, Or a Discourse Addressed to an Infidel Mathematician (1734)Subtitled: Wherein it is examined whether the object, principles, and inferences of the modern analysis are more distinctly conceived, or more evidently deduced, than religious mysteries and points of faith.
Published: J. Tonson, London (1734).
4.4 A Defence of Free-Thinking in Mathematics (1735)Subtitled: In answer to a pamphlet of Philalethes Cantabrigiensis, intituled, Geometry no friend to infidelity, or a defence of Sir Isaac Newton, and the British Mathematicians. Also, an appendix concerning Mr Walton's Vindication of the Principle of fluxions against objections contained in the Analyst. Wherein it is attempted to put this controversy in such light as that every reader maybe able to judge thereof. By the author of the Minute Philosopher.
Published: R. Gunne, Dublin (1735).
4.5 Reasons for not replying to Mr. Walton's Full Answer (1735)Published: R.Gunne, Dublin (1735).
4.6 The Querist (1735-1737)Subtitled: Containing several queries, proposed to the consideration of the public.
Published: Part I: G. Risk, G. Ewing, & W. Smith, Dublin (1735), & Part II (1736); Part III: Jos. Leathley, Dublin (1737). Revised edition, Parts I-III: George Faulkner, Dublin (1737).
4.7 Correspondence with JohnsonLetters from Samuel Johnson to George Berkeley (10th September 1729 and 5th February 1730), and from Berkeley to Johnson (25th November 1729 and 24th March 1730).
4.9 New Theory of Vision
E-text prepared by Christopher D. Green at the Psychology Department of York University, Toronto, Ontario. Includes diagrams as graphics files.
4.10 Past Masters Serieswww.nlx.com/titles/titlberk.htm
Intelex Corporation offer a CD-ROM entitled "The Works of George Berkeley", a database containing all texts of Berkeley from the 9-volume edition of Arthur Aston Luce and T.E. Jessop. It does not include variants, or the introductions or notes by Jessop and Luce. At US$125 for the CD-ROM for individual use, this seems remarkably good value.
Because the Third Edition (the last published in Berkeley's lifetime) contained substantial additions and alterations, we checked all of Jessop's (1950) variant readings against the 1752 Third Edition, and altered the text to agree with Berkeley's Third Edition. What resulted was an edition much closer to Berkeley than that of Jessop, since Jessop took far greater liberties with punctuation than did Wright. In the area we checked, i.e. all Third Edition alterations relative to the First Edition, we noted over 150 discrepancies between Berkeley's Third Edition, and Jessop's representation of it. Jessop made at least one error in speaker assignment in the dialogue, as well as three minor word errors in the sections we checked (i.e. the Third Edition changes).A bargain at US$105 for the CD-ROM for individual users.
5.1 University of Rhode Island: 1999 IBS Conferencewww.uri.edu/artsci/phl/Berkeley.htm
This site was set up by Dr. André Ariew specifically for the 1999 conference of the International Berkeley Society: "The Legacy of George Berkeley from the 18th to the 21st Century", April 21-24 1999, Newport, Rhode Island.
5.2 UC Davis, California: lecture notes by G. J. Matteywww-philosophy.ucdavis.edu/kant/berkeley.htm
Lecture notes by G. J. Mattey: an introduction to the philosophy of George Berkeley, with links to other lecture notes on eighteenth-century European philosophy. (For the course 'Philosophy 23' at UC Davis, California.)
5.3 Macquarie University: lecture notes by R.J. Kilcullenwww.humanities.mq.edu.au/Ockham/z3612.html
Lecture notes by R.J. Kilcullen: Medieval elements in Berkeley, Locke and Hume, 1996. (For the course 'PHIL360: Later Medieval Philosophy' at Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia.)
5.4 Malaspina Great Books: by Russell McNeilwww.malaspina.edu/~mcneil/
As part of his extensive database, McNeil has a list of links, and a list of citations in the Library of Congress, on George Berkeley.
5.5 Noesis searchNoesis is philosophical search system run by the University of Evansville, Indiana, USA.
5.6 Hippias limited-area searchhippias.evansville.edu
Hippias is a peer-reviewed search engine that provides access to philosophy-related resources on the World-Wide Web. Quality is controlled by a system of hyperlinked internet sites which are managed by qualified professionals who serve as the associate editors of the project. The same procedures that govern quality also serve to limit the scope of Hippias to resources of interest to philosophers. The general editor of Hippias is Peter Suber, Professor of Philosophy at Earlham College, Richmond, Indiana. (He is also co-editor of Noesis: see previous entry.)
5.7 Espisteme Linkswww.epistemelinks.com
Thomas Ryan Stone maintains this substantial philosophical directory, which contains a list of links to Berkeleian sites.
5.8 University of St Andrews: bibliographyturnbull.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/References/Berkeley.html
The Department of Mathematics and Statistics an the University of St Andrews maintains this bibliography on Berkeley and mathematics.
5.9 Berkeley College, Yale Universitywww.yale.edu/berkeley/
Berkeley College, built in 1934 by the gift of Edward S. Harkness, was the eighth of the Residential College to be built at Yale. It is named in honor of George Berkeley, in regonition of the assistance in land and books which he gave to Yale in the 18th century.
5.10 Berkeley Carroll School, New York Citywww.berkeleycarroll.org
The Berkeley Carroll School was founded in 1886 -- as the Berkeley Institute for "young ladies" -- by David A. Boody, a future mayor of the City of Brooklyn. It was named after George Berkeley. In 1982 the Berkeley Institute merged with the Carroll Street School, a rapidly growing school using the learning theories of Maria Montessori. The merger created The Berkeley Carroll School. Past pupils have included the authors Erica Jong, Anna Quindlen, Robert MacNeil, Terry Anderson, and Jonathan Kozol.
5.11 The Window, at Trinity College, USAwww.trincoll.edu/depts/phil/philo/phils/berkeley.html.
The philosophy department at Trinity College has an entry on Berkekely in The Window: Philosophy on the Net maintained by Chris Marvin. (Note: This Trinity College is located in Hartford, Connecticut, USA, and is not connected with the Trinity College of the University of Dublin, Ireland, where George Berkeley studied.)
5.12 Studies in Comparative Philosophywww.geocities.com/~sriswamiji/com_berk.html.
A short article by Swami Krishnananda, General Secretary of The Divine Life Society, Sivananda Ashram, Rishikesh, India. This piece compares Berkeley's philosophy with that found in Vedanta, which the is metaphysical arm of Hindu philosophy. It is part of a series of comparative articles relating the Vedanta to a range of Western philosphers, including Plotinus, Locke, Kant, and Schopenhauer.
5.13 David Hilbert's illustrated sitetigger.uic.edu/~hilbert/Images%20of%20Berkeley/Berkeley_Images(frames).html.
David Hilbert, an Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Illinois at Chicago, has prepared this collection of images of Berkeley, and images associated with Berkeley (such as Dysart Castle, Berkeley's birth place).
: see modification history.
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